Concussion (Sports and Non-Sports Related)

Brain injuries range from a concussion (a mild brain injury) to severe bruising or bleeding in the brain. This type of injury happens when a blow to the head makes the brain hit the inside of the skull with force.

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Most people with a concussion get better within a month. But in some cases, the effects last longer. Some symptoms may not show up until hours or days later.

Sports related concussions are those that occur while a person is participating in sport activities. These might include football, soccer, baseball, hockey, and other high-contact sports. Non-sports related concussions happen under other circumstances. These could be traffic accidents, work-related injuries, falls, active recreational activities, or violent acts.

Our Approach

University of Minnesota Health physicians provide the most up-to-date, effective concussion management. Our teams of specialists from many disciplines will help you through the treatment and recovery process.


Signs and Symptoms of Concussion



• Trouble thinking clearly

• Feeling slowed down

• Answers questions more slowly 

• Trouble concentrating, remembering, or following conversations



• Feel more emotional, irritable or sad 

• Feel anxious or nervous



• Headache or pressure in head 

• Confusion 

• Feeling tired or low energy 

• Dizziness or balance problems

• Fuzzy or blurry vision 

• Nausea or vomiting 

• Sensitive to light and noise



• Sleep more or less than usual

• Trouble falling asleep

• Feel drowsy during the day


Treatments, Tests, and Procedures

Concussion Evaluation and Management

A severe fall or a blow to the head severe enough to shake or injure the brain can result in a concussion. Most concussions are mild, and people recover fully. However, any brain injury from a concussion must heal properly before you put yourself at risk of another.
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Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapists help people of all ages return to the activities of daily life after injury, developmental disorders, illness ,or surgery. These everyday activities may include dressing, bathing, home management skills, and leisure activities.
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Speech and Language Pathology

Sometimes called speech therapists, speech-language pathologists work with children and adults to improve their ability to communicate with others. They also treat people with swallowing problems.
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There may be other treatments, test, and procedures for this diagnosis, including:

  • Physical Therapy

Call your preferred location to schedule an appointment or submit an online request.